By reference to Galatians 2 we see that Paul was here only as a matter of prudence and fraternity, not recognizing any authority to legislate for his churches or his ministry. Jeremias, 746, n. 33). Salem Media Group. To dream of a key represents feelings of access, control, or freedom to do something. Compare as to this Ephesians 1:22. A key indicates control or authority; therefore, having the Key of David would give one control of David’s domain, i.e., Jerusalem, the City of David, and the kingdom of Israel. the knowledge of God contained in the OT Scriptures which the scribes were supposed to unlock for God’s people (Jeremias, 747f.). He was conferring power for saving and not for barring from salvation. We need, then, to know the functions of the chief steward and how they apply to the kingdom of heaven, and to Peter as its steward. The "key of knowledge" ( Luke 11:52 ; Compare Matthew 23:13 ) is the means of attaining the knowledge regarding the kingdom of God. It was Philip, the deacon-evangelist, who first preached to the Samaritans (Acts 8), and some "men of Cyprus and Cyrene, who, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Greeks also, preaching the Lord Jesus" (Acts 11:20), the first example of "opening a door of faith" to full heathen. There is also involved of necessity the duty of declaring not only the conditions of entrance into the kingdom, but the courses of conduct appropriate to the kingdom. Furthermore, in John 20:23 John 20:23Whose soever sins you remit, they are remitted to them; and whose soever sins you retain, they are retained.American King James Version×we read: “Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained” (KJV). In Isaiah 22:22 Isaiah 22:22And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.American King James Version×, we see Eliakim the priest receiving "the key of the house of David…on his shoulder." Luke 11:52 criticizes the Jewish lawyers for taking away the key of knowledge, i.e. The Bible itself provides many of the keys to understanding it. Its power is spiritual and is to be exercised always primarily in the saving of men. Does He promise position, or does He impose duty? Would you like to read this article in %%? Ecclesiastical contentions turn especially on Peter's relation to these words of Jesus. "Entry for 'KEYS, POWER OF THE'". Light is to be drawn from several passages that do not use the exact terms of Matthew 16:19, but that deal with the same general ideas. American King James Version×. The underworld, too, had key-keepers: Nedu (Babylonia), Pluto, Aiacos, Persephone and Selena-Hecate (Greece), Anubis (magic lit.) (2) The plural "keys," occurs elsewhere only in Revelation 1:18, where the Christ represents Himself as holding the keys of death and of Hades. These verses are better interpreted as referring to the full authority given to the Church in matters of doctrine and morals.” There is a tendency to see the exercise of the keys in the threefold process of excommunication by reprimand, public rebuke, and full excommunication of Matthew 18:15-17 and Titus 3:10. The allusion to Isaiah 22:22 is apparent. (3) James 5:14 recognizes the value of elders, and probably of others also, in securing the forgiveness of them that have sinned. At Pentecost and at other times Peter was the chief speaker, and so opened the door of the kingdom. DATA FOR DECIDING THE QUESTIONS INVOLVED, 1. Is this conclusive that Jesus is here giving Peter authority for "laying down the law for his fellow-disciples," "authority to say what the law of God allows, and what it forbids," "the power of legislation for the church"? frequently mentioned in Scripture. By this means men are admitted into the kingdom. (iii) by all priests and persons allowed to represent the church, de facto. Having elicited Peter's confession, Jesus pronounces a benediction on him because his insight represented a Divinely mediated experience of fundamental significance in His own plan and mission. Perhaps the church is the organic form of the kingdom, its personal content and expression on earth at any given time. Search the King James Version (KJV) for more references about Keys... Bible Verses About God John is told to write the words of Christ, “who has the key of David; who opens and no one shall shut, who shuts and no one opens” (Rev 3:7). Giving keys to a person signifies the intrusting of him with an important charge. (2) As to binding and loosing sins Peter speaks in the cases of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5), Simon Magus (Acts 8), and in deciding upon the baptism of Cornelius and his household (Acts 10:48). Such a shifting of figure is not conclusive against the thought. It is not certain that the two passages can properly be so closely connected, but they thus afford just the assurance that is contained for the churches in Revelation. The Bible encourages us to accept help from others who understand the Bible. In ancient Israel, the human king was in fact the steward of God, the true King of the land. 1915. Bible Verses About Fear How can the Bible help you cope with personal problems? Alternatively, a key may reflect special knowledge or the solution to a problem. Let it be borne in mind always that Jesus was offering Peter not power but duty, not privilege but responsibility. Study by topic. (1) Generally speaking, the Roman Catholic church gives to Peter a unique position. New International Version (NIV), Encyclopedia of The Bible – Power of the Keys, ὁ κλειδοῦχος τῆς βασιλείας τῶν ὀυρανῶν. In some places such as Judg. United Church of God is a 501(c)3 organization. Peter used the “keys” at Pentecost (Acts 2:14), at Samaria (Acts 8:14), and at the house of Cornelius the Gentile (Acts 10). (1) It is remarkable that there is no distinct reference to this authority of the keys in the records of the work of the apostles and others in the New Testament. (2) In the Roman Catholic church we find insistence on distinguishing between the general authority of the keys in all affairs of the church and religion, and the binding and loosing which they specifically apply to absolution. our Lord accused the teachers of the law of His day of taking away "the key of knowledge" from men, that is, locking the doors of truth against them (Luke 11:52; compare Matthew 23:13). Passages Employing the Terms "Key," "Binding and Loosing". Bible Verses About Love (3) Eminent Catholic authorities admit that the Fathers generally understood the keys to signify the power of forgiving sins, and that they seldom make any reference to the supremacy of Peter. Have the right attitude. But it seems far better to understand that Peter is the first stone in the building, while the foundation is that vital experience in which Peter came to know Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God. The fully attested method of using the keys is that of witnessing personally to an experience of Jesus Christ. The holder of the keys is any man with that experience that called forth from Jesus the assurance... 3. Suarez was the first to develop the doctrine that it conferred on Peter and his successors authority in its widest sense, administrative and legislative. High intellect or education. We conclude that the power is not a special privilege and extraordinary authority, but a responsibility entrusted by Jesus Christ as the method of extending His work. Proud member Of course, it is erroneous to think any man could allow someone into the Kingdom of God whom God would not allow into it. Both sides are-taken. He was often the spokesman for the others and had a leading role in the early church. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. They are out, and too contented to remain so. These alternatives are not necessarily exclusive, but the interpretation of the thought will be determined in no small measure by where the stress is laid. In Heb. Why does this man thus speak blasphemies? Bible Verses About Hope, Bible Verses About Divorce For more understanding, please read our booklet The Church Jesus Built. They therefore agree that the same authority given to Peter (Matt 16:19) is here given to the other apostles, and in fact to the whole Christian congregation (but for a different view, see Jeremias, 752). The use of the words "open" and "shut," as well as the general conception, connects the passage rather with Revelation 3:7. ke (maphteach, an "opener"; compare kleis, "that which shuts"): Made of wood, usually with nails which fitted into corresponding holes in the lock, or rather bolt (Judges 3:25). Any claims to this are contradicted by facts obvious at every moment of history. Jesus told his disciples: “You received free, give free.”—Matthew 10:8. Truly I say to you, Whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Are they two forms of one declaration? That of the keys is supposed to be drawn from the duties of the chief steward of a house, or establishment. Passages Employing the Terms "Key," "Binding and Loosing": We must first examine the Scriptures employing the terms we seek to define. Therefore, Christ's statements in Matthew 16:19 Matthew 16:19And I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.American King James Version×as well as in Matthew 18:18 Matthew 18:18Truly I say to you, Whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.American King James Version×show that His apostles had authority to represent Him, to teach as He taught them and to be instruments in helping people live the way of the Kingdom of God. The key of (to) knowledge. (4) It seems to be taken for granted that Jesus, in Matthew 16:19, had direct reference to Isaiah 22:22, yet the passage is not Messianic except in a general sense and on the assumption that the power of Yahweh over the nations in the Old Testament is wielded by the Christ in the New Testament (see JEHOVAH; LORD). The Bible uses a key as a symbol of authority. Obscure men like Philip (Acts 8) and Ananias of Damascus in the case of Paul himself (Acts 9) exercised the same sort of judgment as to the forgiveness and reception of men into the fellowship. The decision there reached is promulgated as that of the brethren as a body, loosing all the law of Moses save four matters that were "necessary" on account of fundamental morals and of the universal presence of Jews in every city (Acts 15:20,28). On the lips of Jesus (Sitz im Leben Jesu), Jeremias suggests, the phrase τῆς γνώσεως was prob. Peter appears in the Jerusalem conference with no authority above that of other apostles and elders. Instead, “keep on asking God” for wisdom in understanding the Bible.—James 1:5.
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