The population within the city limits was 195,111 as of the 2010 United States Census, making it the third-most-populous city in Alabama, the most populous in Mobile County. Precipitation is heavy year-round.  Mobile had moderate damage from Hurricane Opal on October 4, 1995, and Hurricane Ivan on September 16, 2004.. Since the change to single-member districts, more women and African Americans were elected to the council than under the at-large system. This form of city government was chosen by the voters after the previous form of government, which had three city commissioners, each elected at-large, was ruled in 1975 to substantially dilute the minority vote and violate the Voting Rights Act in Bolden v. City of Mobile. The Sodality Chapel and St. Joseph's Chapel at Spring Hill College are two historic churches on that campus. It ranked 61st in the nation for the 2007–08 television season.  Additionally, 1,785 slave owners in the county held 11,376 people in bondage, about one-quarter of the total county population of 41,130 people.  The elevation in Mobile ranges from 10 feet (3 m) on Water Street in downtown to 211 feet (64 m) at the Mobile Regional Airport.  The city was included in the Alabama Territory in 1817, after Mississippi gained statehood. Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service between Mobile and many locations throughout the United States. © 2020 Slashdot Media.  Undergraduate divisions and programs include the Division of Business, the Communications/Arts Division, International Studies, Inter-divisional Studies, the Language and Literature Division, Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Philosophy and Theology, Political Science, the Sciences Division, the Social Sciences Division, and the Teacher Education Division. The Scottish Rite Temple is the only surviving example of Egyptian Revival architecture in the city.  As of 2011[update], the population within a 60-mile (100 km) radius of Mobile is 1,262,907. Wirefly offers great deals on a large selection of smartphones, cell phones, tablets, mobile hotspots, and other wireless devices for the nation's most popular carriers. , By 1860 Mobile's population within the city limits had reached 29,258 people; it was the 27th-largest city in the United States and 4th-largest in what would soon be the Confederate States of America.  Mobile's alternative newspaper is the Lagniappe.  Mobile slaveholders owned relatively few slaves compared to planters in the upland plantation areas, but many households had domestic slaves, and many other slaves worked on the waterfront and on riverboats.  Mobile averages 120 days per year with at least 0.01 inches (0.3 mm) of rain. Interstate 165 connects to Interstate 65 north of the city in Prichard and joins Interstate 10 in downtown Mobile. South Alabama basketball is a respected mid-major, regularly competing for the Sun Belt Conference championship. , The Port of Mobile has public, deepwater terminals with direct access to 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland and intracoastal waterways serving the Great Lakes, the Ohio and Tennessee river valleys (via the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway), and the Gulf of Mexico. Later architectural styles found in the city include the various Victorian types, shotgun types, Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival, Spanish Colonial Revival, Beaux-Arts and many others. , The city was a home port for cruise ships from Carnival Cruise Lines. Bill Patterson, "The Founding of the Industrial Development Board of the City of Mobile: The Port City's Reluctant Use of Subsidies". US 98 leaves downtown through the Bankhead Tunnel under the river, onto Blakeley Island, and then over the bay across the Battleship Parkway into Spanish Fort, Alabama. The Carnival Fantasy operated from Mobile from then on until the Carnival Elation arrived in May 2010. It houses a residential unit for children, an acute unit for children and adolescents, and an age-segregated involuntary hospital unit for adults undergoing evaluation ordered by the Mobile Probate Court. Mobile was one of eighteen United States cities producing Liberty ships.  The assembly plant is the company's first factory to be built within the United States.  Spanish Plaza is a downtown park that honors the Spanish phase of the city between 1780 and 1813.  The Port of Mobile has always played a key role in the economic health of the city, beginning with the settlement as an important trading center between the French colonists and Native Americans, down to its current role as the 12th-largest port in the United States.  This was nearly a decade after the United States Supreme Court had ruled in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional.
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